大きなテーブル(表)もエクセルのように行列を固定して、チェックボックスで行をハイライトします。

Grid.jsとjqueryを使います。CSSも読み込みます。
【公式サイト】Matt's 411
【ダウンロード】Grid

jQueryの記述は、</body>の直下に入れます。headerだと動きませんでした。。。
なんかややこしそうですが、
//taitle property var gridColSortTypes = ["string", "string", "string", "string", "string", "string", "string", "string", "string", "number", "number", "number", "number", "number"],
を表のタイトル部分とあわせるように指定だけすれば動きます

また、左のチェックボックスを外す場合は、コチラをご参考ください。
[js] ヘッダなどを固定したテーブルを作成する場合に便利なJSライブラリ『Grid』をイジる
htmlのテーブルは、指定のIDで囲み指定するだけでOK!

こっちの方が簡単で使いやすい気がします。↓
TableFix.jsを使って表の行と列を固定しますもご参考に。

JSを読み込みます

<link rel="stylesheet" href="css/Grid.css" type="text/css" media="all" />
<script src="http://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.9.1/jquery.min.js"></script>
<script src="js/Grid.js"></script> 

JavaScript

<script type="text/javascript">
(function(window, document, undefined) {
"use strict";
//taitle property
var gridColSortTypes = ["string", "string", "string", "string", "string", "string", "string", "string", "string", "number", "number", "number", "number", "number"], 
gridColAlign = [];

var onColumnSort = function(newIndexOrder, columnIndex, lastColumnIndex) {
var offset = (this.options.allowSelections && this.options.showSelectionColumn) ? 1 : 0, 
	doc = document;

if (columnIndex !== lastColumnIndex) {
if (lastColumnIndex > -1) {
	doc.getElementById("demoHdr" + (lastColumnIndex - offset)).parentNode.style.backgroundColor = "";
}
doc.getElementById("demoHdr" + (columnIndex - offset)).parentNode.style.backgroundColor = "#f7f7f7";
}
};

var onResizeGrid = function(newWidth, newHeight) {
var demoDivStyle = document.getElementById("demoDiv").style;
demoDivStyle.width = newWidth + "px";
demoDivStyle.height = newHeight + "px";
};

for (var i=0, col; col=gridColSortTypes[i]; i++) {
gridColAlign[i] = (col === "number") ? "right" : "left";
}

var myGrid = new Grid("demoGrid", {
	srcType : "dom", 
	srcData : "demoTable", 
	allowGridResize : true, 
	allowColumnResize : true, 
	allowClientSideSorting : true, 
	allowSelections : true, 
	allowMultipleSelections : true, 
	showSelectionColumn : true, 
	onColumnSort : onColumnSort, 
	onResizeGrid : onResizeGrid, 
	colAlign : gridColAlign, 
	colBGColors : ["#fafafa"], 
	colSortTypes : gridColSortTypes, 
	fixedCols : 1
});
})(this, this.document);
</script>

HTMl

<div id="demoGrid">
<table id="demoTable">
<colgroup><col class="demoTableCol1"></colgroup>
<thead>
  <tr>
    <th class="tg-031e">見出し</th>
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  </tr>
</thead>
<tbody>
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</tbody>
</table>
</div>

CSS

/* #demoGrid 
-----------------------------------------*/
#demoGrid{
 margin:20px 0 20px 0;
 width: 600px;
 height: 300px;
 overflow: auto;
 	/*border-radius*/
	-webkit-border-radius:4px;
	-moz-border-radius:4px;
	border-radius:4px;
 background-color:#f2f2f2;
 padding:10px;
}

/*
 Grid
 MIT-style license. Copyright 2012 Matt V. Murphy
*/
.g_Base {
	background-color : #fff;
}
.g_BaseResize {

	background-color : #eee;
}
.g_BaseResize:hover {
	background-color : #ccc;
}
.g_ResizeDragger {

	background-color : #ccc;
}
/* Title */
.g_HR {
	background-color : #666;
 color:#FFF!important;
}
/* text */
.g_C {
  color:#000;
  }
  
/* row title */  
.g_Cl0 {
  background-color: #F8F8F8!important;
}
.g_Cl1 {
  background-color: #F8F8F8!important;
}

div.g_Base div.g_Body div.g_BodyStatic div.g_Cl{
 text-align:center;
}